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Mortgage Glossary


Gradual re-payment of a mortgage loan by means of partial payments on a regular basis.


An independent estimate of the property value by a certified appraiser on a specific date.

Bi-Weekly Payments     

Bi-weekly payments speed up the repayment of your mortgage since you are making the equivalent of one extra monthly payment each year. We urge you to take full advantage of this plan.

Blended Payment Method     

All monthly mortgage payments are identical, each being comprised of part principal and part interest on the outstanding debt for the chosen term. Early monthly payments by this method are mostly composed of interest, but as amortization progresses, successive payments will consist of less interest and more principal, and the later payments will be composed almost entirely of principal.

Cash Back Mortgage     

For a 5 year term cash back mortgage, the borrower will receive a cash back rebate up to 5% of the amount he or she borrows.

Commitment Letter     

Based on the property appraisal and the borrower's ability to pay, the lender issues a commitment letter which sets out the terms, conditions and loan amount under which a lender is prepared to lend in the form of a mortgage.

Conventional Mortgage     

Maximum loan to value ratio of 80% based on whichever is less: the purchase price or the appraised value. Mortgage loan insurance is not required for conventional mortgages.

High Ratio (CMHC) Mortgages     

For loan to value ratios greater than 80%, lenders will require mortgage insurance to protect against payment default. CMHC uses a sliding scale insurance premium based on the loan to value ratio.

Interest Adjustment     

Interest calculated on a mortgage loan for the number of days between the closing date and the end of the month. Borrower will have to pay this interest adjustment amount at his lawyer's office on the closing date.

Land Holding and Registration     

Under joint tenancy, the interest of the deceased automatically transfers to the survivor of the tenancy. Under Tenancy in Common, the interest of a deceased tenant's ownership transfers to heirs.


Remaining mortgage amount with the same interest rate is allowed to be transferred from the existing home to a new location.

Prepayment Option     

The borrower has the privilege to prepay any part or all of the outstanding balance of a mortgage prior to maturity.

Rate Commitment     

The duration of time a lender is prepared to hold the committed mortgage rate for you.

Tax Adjustment     

If you choose the option to pay the property tax installments with your monthly mortgage payments, on closing date, your lender will hold back the necessary funds to cover the current year's property taxes which are owing.

Variable (Adjustable) Rate Mortgage     

The interest rate changes during the term of the loan in response to changes in the prime lending rate. The rate is equal to the prime lending rate at any point in time minus a constant spread. Borrowers are usually charged a slightly lower interest rate as an incentive during the initial period of the term. In most cases, the borrowers are allowed to convert to a fixed term of 3 years or longer.

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Canadian Home Mortgage Company Ltd.
Northwest Office:
107 Hawkside Close N.W. Calgary, Alberta T3G 3K8

Phone: (403) 230-0320 Fax: (403) 230-0339
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